Administrative Structure

Key to the performance of the\r\nJudiciary is the efficiency with which it is managed. Managerial efficiency\r\ndepends upon appropriate organization structure, sufficient qualified and\r\nmotivated human resource, effective systems and procedures, and adequate\r\ninfrastructure and equipment.

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The Chief Justice is responsible for\r\nthe administration and supervision of all courts in Uganda, including those\r\nthat do not administratively fall within the Judiciary. The Deputy Chief\r\nJustice is the head of the Court of Appeal/Constitutional Court.

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The Principal Judge manages the High\r\nCourt, including the decentralized up-country High Court stations, and is further\r\nresponsible for the Magistrates Courts. The High Court is divided into eight\r\nDivisions, including the Civil, Criminal, Commercial, Land, Family,\r\nAnti-Corruption, International Crimes and Executions and Bailiffs each headed\r\nby a High Court Judge. All of these managers also adjudicate cases within their\r\nrespective jurisdictions, in addition to fulfilling their management and\r\npolicy-making responsibilities.

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The Chief Registrar who is assisted by\r\na management team of Registrars heads the technical branch consisting of\r\njudicial activities of the organization. Registrars are ordinarily drawn from\r\nthe cadres of Magistrates in the lower Judiciary. They include Registrars of\r\nthe Supreme Court, Court of Appeal, the High Court, Research and Training, the\r\nInspector of Courts, Registrar Planning and Development, and Deputy and\r\nAssistant Registrars. Most of these managers are responsible for adjudicating\r\ncases within their respective jurisdictions, and as of 31/12/2002, their powers\r\nand jurisdiction was increased. Some managerial functions are delegated to\r\ncommittees composed of members of the Judiciary management.

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The Secretary to Judiciary/Permanent\r\nSecretary oversees the Administration and Finance Department. The Finance and\r\nAdministration Department is a support department for the Judiciary for general\r\nadministration and management of human and financial resources as well as\r\nmaintenance and control of assets.  

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The Secretary to Judiciary/Permanent\r\nSecretary the accounting officer is appointed by the Public Service Commission\r\nof the Ministry of Public Service. He/she reports directly to the Chief Justice\r\nwhile at the same time has close consultations and linkage with the Ministry of\r\nPublic Service. The Secretary to Judiciary/Permanent Secretary is supported by the\r\nUnder Secretary and divisional/unit heads such as Principal Personnel Officer;\r\nAssistant Secretary; Principal Asst. Secretary; Principal Accountant; and\r\nEstates Manager. Thus there is in effect a split between management of judicial\r\nstaff and administrative staff, even though both sets of staff work on many of\r\nthe same activities on a day-to-day basis.

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Some judges exercise substantial\r\ninfluence in certain areas by virtue of their appointment to establish or adhoc\r\ncommittees, such as the Judicial Training Committee, the Judicial Integrity\r\nCommittee, and the IT Implementation Subcommittee, among others. Some Judges\r\nare appointed to become Chairs of Commissions of Inquiry or other Commissions\r\nor Committees that are external to the Judiciary. Resident High Court Judges in\r\nupcountry court stations may but are not required to supervise subordinate\r\ncourts within their jurisdictions. Deputy Registrars in up-country Court\r\nstations are generally in charge of the management of the Resident High Court\r\nstations. Chief Magistrates are both the judicial and administrative managers\r\nof their court stations (except where Deputy Registrars are posted); including\r\nthe subordinate courts within their chief magisterial areas.